Jaipur, the ‘Pink City’ of India was the former capital of the Kachhawahas. It was founded in 1727, by Sawai Jai Singh and was named after him. Jai singh’s various talents and tastes are well exhibited in his dream city.
The designing of the city was entrusted upon a young and talented Bengali architect, Vidhyadhar Bhattarcharya.
Jaipur is perhaps the first planned city of India and was laid with great precision on the basis of principles of ‘Shilp Shastra’, the ancient Hindu treatise on architecture. The city was built in the form of a rectangle divided into blocks (Chowkries) with roads and avenues running parallel to the sides. In 1863, Jaipur dressed itself in Pink to welcome Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria and the colour became an integral part of the city.
In Rajasthani culture, pink stands for the colour of the host. The sunset view of this magic city is amazing. The roads are broad and on both sides there are big tall buildings, with beautiful lattice work in the windows, all this cannot even found anywhere else in India or in the whole world. Today, the city is a fine fusion of antiquity and modernity, excellent planning, unique architecture and colourful lifestyle of the city can excite even the most seasoned tourist. Jaipur is a shopper’s delight too, as a wide range of excellent handicrafts are available in the city.
In 1699, Jai singh, II of the Kachawah Rajputs ascended the throne of Ajmer, when he was only 13. At that time Delhi was under the rule of Aurangzeb. As a convention the king went to Delhi to see the Emperor. Aurangzeb was quite fascinated by the young ruler’s intelligence and gave Sawai (meaning one and a quarter measure of anything) Khetab to the ruler. The capital at that time was in Amber hills. For easy administration, the king transferred his capital to the plains. There is intermingling of Mughal and Jain sculpture in the city. Not only in the planning of the city, Jai Singh was learned in astronomical science also. He invented a machine in his planetarium which is unique in the world as it tells the past, present and future of the world.
Jai Singh ruled for 43 years and he had 25 queens, 8 concubines and after his death there was a great chaos for the heir. The matter reached the court and still remains disputed. Many a time Jaipur was attacked. It was also captured by Maratha, Jath and British. Owing to allegiance to the Britishers it never took part in the 1857’s independence struggle. After independence of India it was joined with Bikaner, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer. In 1956, the newer state Rajasthan’s capital was selected and Jaipur became the capital.
Best Places to Visit in Jaipur
City Palace & Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum
This palace is also famous as Chandra Mahal; the palace is encircled with fence. It was built between 1729 and 1732 by Sawai Jai Singh in the heart of the old city area.
Hawa Mahal or Palace of Winds was built in 1799, by the poet king Sawai Pratap Singh for the royal ladies to enjoy the procession and day to day activities from the cool confinement of this majestic facade.
Overlooking Jaipur, the Jaigarh fort is the most magnificent hilltop fort of the city. Known as the fort of victory, it is one of the few military structures of medieval India.
Nahargarh Fort, it was a sentinel of 600 ft height and situated on the hill top. It is a four storeyed fort with 2 floors below the earth.
Another great attraction of Jaipur, which should be seen and enjoyed, is Amir or Amber or Kachawa 11 km to the N-East from Jaipur on Jaipur-Delhi road.
Lakshmi Narayan Birla Temple
Birla Temple is another great architectural wonder in Jaipur. It is on the S - Eastern side of the city, on the sloppy hillside of Moti Doongri hill.
The astronomer Sawai Jai Singh's noteworthy creation is the 5 Jantar Mantar made all over India. The biggest planetarium in the world is the portico of the City Palace.
The Samode palace was built by the Jaipur Maharaja Jai Singh II's finance minister. It is adorned with Shekhawati style paintings.
Chokhi Dhani-The Ethnic Village Resort
Chokhi Dhani, another attraction of this city, was built 19 km away from the Ajmeri Gate. Here a pleasurable tourist complex was built with the depiction of ethnic Rajasthani culture.
Galta - Sage Galabh had meditated in Galta; it is so believed by people. Nearby is a hill and a temple is two and half km up in the hill.
Govind Dev Ji Temple
The beautifully carved sculpture of Govindji Mandir temple is nice; it is to the north of Chandra Mahal and in the garden of Jai Niwas Bag.
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh and Vidyadhar-ka-Bagh
These two gardens in the gorge towards the east are designed in Mughal style with beautiful chatris (canopies), terraced gardens and fountains.
Birla Planetarium and Science Centre
this attractive building houses a state-of-the-art centre of knowledge on the cosmos and a unique science and technology museum
Jaipur’s weather is quite moderate. The summer season in Jaipur extends from April to July and is pretty hot and humid. The average temperature in summers falls in the range of 45° C (max) to 25.8° C (min). The climate of Jaipur in winters is pretty cold. Lasting from October to March, the winter season experiences average temperature in the range of 22° C (max) to 8.3° C (min). The climatic conditions of Jaipur, Rajasthan during this period lead to sunny day and chilly nights. Monsoons start around the latter half of July. However, the city of Jaipur does not receive much rainfall. Best time to visit Jaipur is during the winters.How to Reach Jaipur
Jaipur, popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital of Rajasthan. Rajasthan is one of the most colorful states of India, which is very well reflected in Jaipur. Some of the major tourist attractions of the Pink City include the Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar, Amber fort, Jaigarh fort, Birla temple and the City Palace.
By Air : The nearest airport to Jaipur is the Sanganer Airport in Jaipur, 10 km from the city. Domestic flights connect Jaipur with Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jodhpur and Udaipur.
By Train : Jaipur is well connected by trains to all the major cities of Rajasthan and India such as Delhi, Agra, Chennai, Jodhpur, Mumbai, Udaipur, Bikaner and Ahmedabad.
By Road : A well-developed network of road connects Jaipur to important tourist towns of Rajasthan and north India. There are private as well as government buses that connect Jaipur to all the nearby major cities such as Delhi and Agra.